Breed Standards and Certification Requirements Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse Association® (KMSHA) & Spotted Mountain Horse Association® (SMHA)
Temporary Registration of Foals (prior to Certification)
Foals by a Certified KMSHA/SMHA stallion and out of a Certified KMSHA/SMHA mare can be registered with a Temporary Certificate of Registration. This is done by submitting:
2. Five clear, color photographs showing (1) front, (2) back, (3) left & (4) right side and (5) under the chin.
3. A Breeder’s Certificate (download the Breeding Certificate) prepared by the stallion owner at the time the mare was bred. If no Breeder’s Certificate is available, an affidavit stating the same information requested on a Breeder’s Certificate and signed by the stallion owner, will be accepted. Affidavit must include:
4. For any KMSHA foal to receive a Temporary Certificate of Registration, it is also necessary to submit a DNA sample of hair Analysis for proof of parentage.
As of Dec.1,2004 all foals must confirm proof of parentage by DNA analysis before a temporary certificate of registration will be issued. (see DNA Requirements for more information)
(see DNA/Blood Requirements for more information)
5. The Appendix Mare program for the KMSHA Registry is open and consideration will be given to outside mares for registry who meet all the requirements for Breed Standards and Certification as stated above. Mares will be issued a Registration Certificate that identifies them as “Appendix mares”. Appendix Mares may show in KMSHA sanctioned shows. Appendix mares’ offspring* must be sired by a certified to breed KMSHA stallion to be eligible for registration and to be shown.
a) Female offspring of appendix mares will be eligible for full registration and certification.
b) *Male offspring of Appendix mares who were not bred to a Registered/Certified KMSHA/SMHA Stallion must be gelded to be eligible for registration and certification and to be shown. If bred to a Registered/Certified KMSHA/SMHA Stallion the male offspring need not be gelded.
6. Spotted Mountain Horse foals who do not have certified KMSHA/SMHA parents may be issued a temporary certificate of registration if the foal is examined by a minimum of one (1) licensed KMSHA examiner or a video of the foal gaiting on a leadline is sent to the KMSHA Office for approval
Certification of Horses Under Saddle
Once a horse is “under saddle” and before it is either bred or has attained the age of four (4) (age being determined as of the date their fourth birthday occurs and the date that Temporary Registration papers expire) it must be Certified under Saddle. Mares and Stallions are “Certified to Breed”. Geldings must be Certified to be shown. Before a horse can be certified, DNA analysis must be on file with the KMSHA/SMHA office to establish identity. As of Jan.1, 2007, all foals must confirm proof of parentage by the same DNA analysis before a temporary certificate of registration will be issued.
Upon satisfactory examination of a horse for conformation and certification of gait under saddle by two (2) KMSHA licensed examiners or a video of the horse meeting the requirements below sent to the KMSHA office for approval, a horse will be entered into the permanent registry books of the association. To be certified, a horse must display the following characteristics and meet all requirements as listed below.
1. Show evidence of a gentle temperament and a willing disposition.
2. Demonstrate a smooth, comfortable and natural four beat gait (with four distinct hoof beats) under saddle.
3. There are two size categories of the KMSHA/SMHA Registry. At certification, a horse must stand 14 hands or above in order to qualify for a class A. Class B registrations are for horses 11 hands to 13.3 hands. All Examiners must mark the “Application For Registration/Certification either A or B”
No horse can be certified KMSHA or SMHA if it stands less than 11 hands. All measurements are to be measured on a perpendicular at a point where their neck joins the body. In finding that point the head and neck should be raised at the throat latch, pushing toward the back of the body, to produce a tuck in the neck and should not be in a relaxed position. There is no upper height limit.
b) They must be of medium bone and substance, reflecting their heritage as an all-around utility breed. The horse should present an appearance of athleticism and the ability to perform useful work.
c) Traditionally, KMSHA/SMHA horses have a compact, well-muscled and close to medium-coupled frame.
d) The head is attractive, cob sized, not too long or wide in appearance, proportional, with a broad flat forehead, well defined jaw and a face in profile that is neither severely Roman nor dished.
e) Looking straight at the front of the head, the distance from the middle point between the eyes to the middle point between the nostrils, is of medium length. The facial composure overall, is very pleasing to the observer.
f) The neck is of medium length and thickness, with the top line of the neck longer than the underline, and meets the back behind the shoulder. The neck should show an ability to flex at the poll and not be tied into the body too low in the chest.
g) Little to no wither is desirable.
4. Principles of sound conformation relevant to all breeds are applicable to the KMSHA/SMHA horses.
a) Planes of the legs when viewed from the front and the rear should be straight and aligned. Severe cases of sickle hocks, cow hocks, and hoofs turned in or out, and all other variances from correct structure of the major joints are not desirable.
b) When viewed from the side, horses should have near equal proportions between the forequarter, body and hindquarter with proper angulations of the shoulder and humerus. An upright humerus and front legs not set too far underneath the body also allow for good stride and reach.
c) The horse has a strong topline, short in the coupling, with a rounded croup. The tail set should be natural.
5. KMSHA horses can be any solid body color. White markings should be limited to:
a) the face, (no bald faces)
b) the legs (no excessive amount of white above the knees or hocks)
c) and an area on the belly that is behind the breast bone and under the ends of the rib cage not to exceed 16 square inches (4x4) - no bigger than the size of the palm of the hand).
6. Any horse that does not meet the limited amount of white requirement as stated above but carries significant white markings known as tobiano, overo, sabino, etc. may be registered/certified SMHA (a subsidiary of the KMSHA).
A colt or a filly that is of solid body color ( see C above) and is foaled by one or both Spotted Mountain Horse parents, can be registered KMSHA with a negative results genetic test that has determined that the solid colored offspring will not throw spots. A sabino, tobiano/overo test must be performed in order to determine this result A solid colored gelding from a Spotted parent(s), may be registered/certified either SMHA or KMSHA, but not both.
7. The KMSHA breed registry foundation books are closed for Mares and Stallions.
A “grandfather clause” may be utilized for permanent registration if a Appendix Mare), Stallion or Gelding has Registration with another Mountain horse registry or a “gaited’ horse that specifically meets the acceptable standard of the KMSHA/SMHA Breed as determined by two licensed Examiners or the KMSHA office.
8. The Appendix Mare program for the KMSHA Registry is open and consideration will be given to outside mares for registry who meet all the requirements for Breed Standards and Certification as stated above. Mares will be issued a Registration Certificate that identifies them as “Appendix mares”. Appendix Mares may show in KMSHA sanctioned shows. Appendix mares’ offspring* must be sired by a certified to breed KMSHA stallion to be eligible for registration and to be shown.
c) Female offspring of appendix mares will be eligible for full registration and certification.
d) *Male offspring of Appendix mares who were not bred to a Registered/Certified KMSHA/SMHA Stallion must be gelded to be eligible for registration and certification and to be shown. If bred to a Registered/Certified KMSHA/SMHA Stallion the male offspring need not be gelded.
9. The SMHA foundation books are open to spotted Stallions, Mares and Geldings who meet the breed requirements and pass the certification standards according to the requirements above.
It is strongly suggested that breeding habits be directed towards purifying the breed (one mate should be of strong genetic Mountain Horse characteristic, such as a KMSHA/SMHA stallion, of at least 50% or better Mountain Horse blood). If this practice continues generation after generation, the Spotted Mountain Horse will contain the maximum amount of genetic characteristics possible to recognize them as a true Mountain Horse.
As of Jan.1, 2007, all SMHA horses must have DNA or Blood analysis on record with the University of Kentucky for identification purposes.